Strata Titles Act 1985
Strata Titles Act 1985 provides provision for the subdivision of building or land of shared properties. It includes the procedure for the application of subdivision, registration, issuance of Strata Titles, management of the strata scheme after the issuance of Strata Titles and also management of Strata Titles Board. This Act is under the jurisdiction of the Department of Land and Mines, which is under Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
The Strata Titles Act comes into force on the 1st June 1985. Before its commencement, applications for individual title for parcels within a multi-storey building were done under the provision provided in the National Land Code 1965. Subsidiary Title were issued for these parcels.
The Strata Titles Act was created to overcome the weakness and insufficiency of the provision in the National Land Code regarding subdivision of building and also providesother reference related to subdivision and management of multi-storey building in various part, chapter and schedule in the National Land Code. However, the Strata Titles Act contain almost all the provisions in the National Land Code related to the subdivision of building. New elements and general improvement were also made on the application of the Strata Titles process and procedure and also the management of multi-storey building.
The Strata Titles Act has been amended four (4) times since its introduction that is on the 23rd February 1990 (Act A753), 2nd August 1996 (Act A951), 1st December 2001 (Act A1107) and 12th April 2007 (Act A1290). In the latest amendments, subdivision for land to become land parcel, accessory parcel and common property were introduced. These amendments provide for the application towards new housing development concept known as the Gated Community Scheme. This housing scheme consists of properties such as bungalows, terrace house and semi-detached house that are held in one (1) lot with shared facilities such as club house, swimming pools and open field. It is a closed community with wall or gate around the housing area with limited entrance access.
What is Strata Titles?
Strata Titles is a form of ownership for buildings or block with multi-storey or multi-level of land parcel that were built on alienated land. The word ‘Strata’ refers to the subdivided unit.
Strata Titles were initially introduced in 1966 through the National Land Code 1965 to improve the law on ownership of multi-storey building. Before this, it is known as subsidiary title with reference to the building built on alienated land. In the 2007 amendment, the Strata Titles concept is widened to include for its application on land parcels on alienated land.
The Strata Titles Scheme consists of individual parcels and common property that are managed as ‘self-governance’ by the Management Corporation. Parcels whether apartment, condominium, town house, commercial complex or gated-community scheme were shown in the title as owned by the parcel owner. Common property is defined as all on the alienated land except for the individual parcels and accessory parcels such as stair, roof, garden and others.